Computer Studies Coursework Examples Of Pronouns

Pronouns are words that replace nouns so that you don’t need to repeat the same noun several times in a text (e.g. ‘The computer started up but then it crashed because it is old’ not ‘The computer started up but then the computer crashed because the computer is old’.). To use pronouns correctly in your writing, you will need to understand how to:

Grammar checkers will not help at all with getting your noun-pronoun matches correct. It takes the human eye to locate the pronoun and then go back to the noun or noun group to make sure that there is a correct match in number, person and gender. It can signal incorrect grammatical use of a pronoun, but this is not always consistent.

Use correct pronouns in sentences

Types of pronouns
personal pronounsI, me, mine, you, your, yours, he, him, his, she, her, hers, it, one, we, they
relative pronounswho, whom, whose, which, that
interrogative pronounswho, what, when, where, why
indefinite pronounssomeone, somebody, something, anyone, anybody, anything, everyone, no one
demonstrative pronounsthis, that, these, those
reflexive pronounsmyself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves
Personal pronouns change case in sentences.
Person/NumberPronouns as subjectsPronouns as objectsPronouns for possession 
 1st personsingular Imemy, mine
 2nd personsingularyouyouyour, yours
 3rd personsingularhe, she, ithim, her, ithis, her, hers, its
 1st personpluralweusour, ours
 2nd personpluralyouyouyour, yours
 3rd personpluraltheythemtheir, theirs

Personal pronouns change form depending on the role they play in sentences/’case’ (e.g. whether they are the subject, the object or showing ownership). While you are discouraged from using first and second person pronouns in your academic writing, you need to learn how to use ‘case’ correctly in your oral and written language.

Use the correct pronoun for subjects, objects and possessive case.

Pronoun as subject

INCORRECT: students are learning how to do word processing for essay writing.

CORRECT:We students are learning how to do word processing for essay writing.

INCORRECT: and the other students are studying.

CORRECT: The other students and I are studying.

Pronoun as object

INCORRECT: The excellence award recognised and the team.

CORRECT: The excellence award recognised the team and her.

INCORRECT: The choice of program was between them and .

CORRECT: The choice of program was between them and me.

Pronoun for possession

INCORRECT: The computer and programs are .

CORRECT: The computer and programs are yours.

Use the correct case for relative pronouns ‘who’, ‘whom’, ‘whose’

Pronoun as subject

Students will train with the computer programmers who work in IT.

Students who work with their computer skills find online learning easy.

Pronoun as object

The students whom the programmer instructed excelled in their tasks.

Students for whom online learning is difficult should seek training.

Pronoun for possession

Students whose passwords were updated need to reset their browser.

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Make pronouns agree with their antecedent

A pronoun needs to agree with the word it is referring to (the antecedent). To achieve clarity and consistency in your sentences, make sure pronouns agree with the antecedent in number, gender and person.

INCORRECT:Every computer operator must have username and password.

CORRECT: Every computer operator must have his or her username and password.

INCORRECT:Microsoft is more reliable because of their higher quality product, and better security.

CORRECT:Microsoft is the more reliable product because of its higher quality, and its better security.

INCORRECT: When logs on, you should have your password ready.

CORRECT: When you log on, you should have your password ready.

INCORRECT: When a student logs on, should have password ready.

CORRECT: When a student logs on, he or she should have his or her password ready.

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Make pronoun references clear

A pronoun should refer clearly to its antecedent. Avoid ambiguous or indefinite references.

Ambiguous references occur if there is more than one possible antecedent.

INCORRECT: The programmer told the student that he had changed his password. (Who changed the password? Whose password? The student or the programmer?)

CORRECT: The programmer said that he had changed the student’s password.

INCORRECT: Although the new software program corrupted the file, it could still be used. (What was still possible to use? Does ‘it’ meant the ‘program’ or the’ file’?)

CORRECT: Although the file was corrupted by the new program, the file could still be used.

Indefinite references occur when ‘they’, ‘it’ or ‘you’ refer to people or things that are not specifically mentioned in the text, or are indirectly mentioned.

INCORRECT: In the last budget, they did not allocate any more money for computers. (Who is ‘they’? Be specific. Name the person or thing—in this instance, ‘the government’.)

CORRECT: In the last budget, the government did not allocate any more money for computers.

INCORRECT: In the article, it suggests that students prefer online learning. (Don’t use ‘it’ indefinitely like this. Be specific. Rewrite your sentence with the thing [article] clearly stated.)

CORRECT: The article suggests that students prefer online learning.

Don’t use pronouns like ‘this’, ‘that’, ‘which’, ‘it’ to refer to whole ideas.

INCORRECT: The growing popularity of online learning has resulted in universities opening more distance education courses. This has meant that there is a greater need for computer programmers. (Demonstrative pronouns like ‘this’ should refer to a specific thing and not a whole idea.)

CORRECT: The growing popularity of online learning has resulted in universities opening more distance education courses. This trend has meant that there is a greater need for computer programmers.

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Check your understanding

How can the following sentence be improved? The computer started up but then the computer crashed because the computer is old.
With the use of pronouns: The computer started up but then it crashed because it is old.More information

Types of Pronoun

A pronoun is a word which is used instead of a noun. A pronoun is used instead of a noun to avoid repetition of a noun in an essay. e.g. she, he, they, it, her, his, him, its

Pronouns are classified into following types:

1. Personal Pronouns
2. Possessive Pronouns
3. Demonstrative Pronouns
4. Reflexive Pronouns
5. Relative Pronouns
6. Reciprocal Pronouns


A personal pronoun refers a specific person or object or group of things directly.
e.g.  He, I, she, you, it, they me,, who, him, whom her, them etc.

A person pronoun describes a person or a thing in following ways.

1st Person: (the person who speaks) e.g. I, we, me, us
2nd Person: (the person who is spoken to) e.g. you
3rd Person: (a person or a thing which is spoken about). e.g. she, he, they, it, her, him, them,

Usage of Personal Pronoun:

PersonPersonal Pronouns
Singular1st PersonIMe
2nd PersonYouYou
3rd PersonHe, She, ItHim, Her, It
Plural1st PersonWeUs
2nd PersonYouYou
3rd PersonTheyThem


She is an intelligent teacher.
They were going to market.
He bought some nice books.
She shouted for help.


A possessive pronoun describes a close possession to or an ownership of or relationship to a noun (a person or a thing).

e.g. his, yours, hers, mine,  ours, theirs, mine, etc
PersonPossessive Pronouns
Singular1st PersonMine
2nd PersonYours
3rd Personhis, Hers, its
Plural1st PersonOurs
2nd PersonYours
3rd PersonTheirs

This book is yours.
This laptop is mine.
That car is hers.
These houses are ours not theirs.
He lost his books. He needs yours.        
This computer is mine, not yours


A reflexive pronoun expresses a noun when the subject’s action affects (or influences) the subject itself.
e.g. herself, yourself, himself, ourselves, itself, themselves, are few reflexive pronouns.

A reflexive pronoun always acts as an object, not as subject, and it expresses inter-influence between a subject and the object.
PersonsSubjectsReflexive Pronouns
Singular1st PersonIMyself
2nd PersonYouYourself
3rd PersonHe, she, itHimself, Herself, Itself
Plural1st PersonWeOurselves
2nd PersonYouYourselves
3rd PersonTheyThemselves


She was looking to herself in the picture.
She locked herself in a room.
He prepared himself for the test.
They considered themselves the happiest people of the world.


A reciprocal pronoun is used when two or more nouns (subjects) are reciprocating to each other or one another in some action.

A reciprocal pronoun is used if two sor more subjects act in a same manner towards each other or one another.

There are two reciprocal pronouns in English language.

Two girls pushed each other.
Sara and John love each other.
The people in the party greeted one another.
Two students in exam copied from each other.
The balls on the snooker table collided with one another.


A relative pronoun is a word which is used in relation to a noun and modifies (gives more information about) the same noun.
Relative pronouns are those pronouns that join relative clauses and the relative sentences.

e.g. which, who, that, whom, whose etc.

Example: She is the girl, who sings songs.

The word ‘who’ in above example is a relative pronoun that modifies (tell more about) the noun(girl). The same pronoun joins the sentence ‘she is the girl’ to a clause ‘sings songs’.

It is the dog which barks at strangers.
The girl who is walking in the garden is very beautiful
It is the laptop which I like the more.
They were the people who had come out for a strike.


A demonstrative pronoun is the pronoun which points to a noun (a thing or things).

e.g. that, this, those, these, none, neither e.t.c.

In a short distance (or in terms of time): This, these.
In a long distance (or in terms of time): That, those.


This is a book.
That is a car.
These are ducks.
Those are birds.
Can you see that?


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