113th Congress Senate Republican Committee Assignments

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The One Hundred Fourteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 2015, to January 3, 2017, during the final two full years of Barack Obama's presidency. The 2014 elections gave the Republicans control of the Senate (and control of both houses of Congress) for the first time since the 109th Congress. With 248 seats in the House of Representatives and 54 seats in the Senate, this Congress began with the largest Republican majority since the 71st Congress of 1929–1931.

Major events[edit]

Main articles: 2015 in the United States, 2016 in the United States, and 2017 in the United States

  • January 6, 2015: Incumbent Speaker of the HouseJohn Boehner was re-elected despite the defections of 25 members from his own Republican caucus, twice the number from the previous Congress.[4]
  • January 20, 2015: 2015 State of the Union Address
  • March 3, 2015: Prime Minister of IsraelBenjamin Netanyahu addressed a joint session of Congress regarding sanctions against Iran. Netanyahu was invited by Speaker John Boehner without consulting President Obama.[5][6]
  • March 9, 2015: U.S. Senator Tom Cotton wrote and sent a letter to the leadership of the Islamic Republic of Iran, signed by 47 of the Senate's 54 Republicans, attempting to cast doubt on the Obama administration's authority to engage in nuclear-proliferation negotiations with Iran.[7]
  • March 25, 2015: Afghanistan PresidentAshraf Ghani addressed a joint session of Congress.[8]
  • April 29, 2015: Japanese Prime MinisterShinzō Abe addressed a joint session of Congress,[9][10] becoming the first Japanese leader to do so.[9]
  • September 24, 2015: Pope Francis addressed a joint session of Congress,[11] becoming the first Pope to do so.
  • September 25, 2015: House SpeakerJohn Boehner announced that he would resign as Speaker and from the House at the end of October 2015.[12][13] Subsequently, Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy, the presumptive favorite to succeed John Boehner, unexpectedly withdrew his candidacy for the job.[14]
  • October 29, 2015: Paul Ryan was elected to succeed John Boehner as Speaker of the House with 236 votes (54.3%) of the House in favor.[15] He is the youngest Speaker since James G. Blaine in 1869.[16]
  • January 12, 2016: 2016 State of the Union Address
  • June 8, 2016: Indian Prime MinisterNarendra Modi addressed a joint session of Congress.
  • June 22–23, 2016: In the wake of the 2016 Orlando attacks, Congress debated gun control reform.[17] The U.S. House recessed for the July 4 holiday during a sit-in protest held by Democrats that halted business in the chamber for more than 24 hours.
  • November 8, 2016 : Donald Trump and Mike Pence elected as president and vice-president in presidential elections, while the Republicans retain majority at both Senate and House of Representatives.

Major legislation[edit]

Enacted[edit]

Main article: List of acts of the 114th United States Congress

  • January 12, 2015: Terrorism Risk Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–1
  • April 16, 2015: Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–10
  • May 22, 2015: Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–17
  • June 2, 2015: USA FREEDOM Act: Uniting and Strengthening America by Fulfilling Rights and Ensuring Effective Discipline Over Monitoring Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–23
  • June 29, 2015: Trade Preferences Extension Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–27
  • July 6, 2015: Department of Homeland Security Interoperable Communications Act, Pub.L. 114–29
  • November 2, 2015: Bipartisan Budget Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–74
  • November 5, 2015: Librarian of Congress Succession Modernization Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–86
  • November 25, 2015: SPACE Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–90
  • December 4, 2015: Fixing America's Surface Transportation (FAST) Act, Pub.L. 114–94
  • December 10, 2015: Every Student Succeeds Act, Pub.L. 114–95
  • December 18, 2015: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2016, Pub.L. 114–113
  • February 8, 2016: Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–120
  • February 24, 2016: Internet Tax Freedom Act contained in Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act of 2015, Pub.L. 114–125
  • July 20, 2016: Global Food Security Act of 2016, Pub.L. 114–195
  • September 28, 2016: Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act, Pub.L. 114–222
  • October 7, 2016: Sexual Assault Survivors’ Rights Act, Pub.L. 114–236
  • December 13, 2016: 21st Century Cures Act, Pub.L. 114–255

Proposed[edit]

Main article: List of bills in the 114th United States Congress

Vetoed[edit]

  • February 24, 2015: Keystone XL Pipeline Approval Act (S. 1)
  • March 31, 2015: A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the National Labor Relations Board relating to representation case procedures. (S.J.Res. 8)
  • October 22, 2015: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2016 (H.R. 1735)
  • December 19, 2015: A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of a rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency relating to "Standards of Performance for Greenhouse Gas Emissions from New, Modified, and Reconstructed Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units" (S.J.Res. 23)
  • December 19, 2015: A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of a rule submitted by the Environmental Protection Agency relating to "Carbon Pollution Emission Guidelines for Existing Stationary Sources: Electric Utility Generating Units" (S.J.Res. 24)
  • January 8, 2016: The Restoring Americans' Healthcare Freedom Reconciliation Act of 2015 (H.R. 3762)
  • January 19, 2016: A joint resolution providing for congressional disapproval under chapter 8 of title 5, United States Code, of the rule submitted by the Corps of Engineers and the Environmental Protection Agency relating to the definition of “waters of the United States” under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act (S.J.Res. 22)
  • June 8, 2016: A joint resolution disapproving the rule submitted by the Department of Labor relating to the definition of the term "Fiduciary" (H.J.Res. 88)
  • July 22, 2016: Presidential Allowance Modernization Act of 2016 (H.R. 1777)
  • September 23, 2016: Justice Against Sponsors of Terrorism Act (S. 2040) (Passed over Veto)

Party summary[edit]

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section, below.

Senate[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Party

(Shading indicates majority caucus)

TotalVacant
DemocraticIndependentRepublican
End of previous Congress20102344350
Begin (January 3, 2015)18802474350
January 5, 2015[note 1]2464341
February 6, 2015[note 2]2454332
March 31, 2015[note 3]2444323
May 5, 2015[note 4]2454332
June 2, 2015[note 5]2464341
September 10, 2015[note 6]2474350
October 31, 2015[note 7]2464341
June 7, 2016[note 8]2474350
June 23, 2016[note 9]1874341
July 20, 2016[note 10]1864332
September 6, 2016[note 11]2464323
November 8, 2016 [note 12]1882474350
December 4, 2016 [note 13]1874341
December 31, 2016 [note 14]2464332
Final voting share7001432000000000000♠43.2%5000000000000000000♠0.0%7001570000000000000♠57.0%
Non-voting members41160
Beginning of the next Congress19402414350

Leadership[edit]

Section contents:Senate: Majority (R), Minority (D) • House: Majority (R), Minority (D)

Senate[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

Senators are listed by state and then by Senate classes, In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 2016; Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 2018; and Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring re-election in 2020.

Pope Francis addresses Congress in 2015 as Head of State of Vatican City.
Final Senate Membership
     44 Democrats

     54 Republicans


     2 Independents, caucusing with Democrats

Final House Membership
     187 Democrats

     246 Republicans


     2 Vacant

The One Hundred Thirteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, from January 3, 2013, to January 3, 2015, during the fifth and sixth years of Barack Obama's presidency. It was composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives based on the results of the 2012 Senate elections and the 2012 House elections. The seats in the House were apportioned based on the 2010 United States Census. It first met in Washington, D.C. on January 3, 2013, and it ended on January 3, 2015. Senators elected to regular terms in 2008 were in the last two years of those terms during this Congress.

The Senate had a Democratic majority, while the House had a Republican majority. Widespread public dissatisfaction with the institution increased over its second year,[1][2][3][4] and some commentators have ranked it among the worst in United States congressional history, until 2017. According to a Gallup Poll released in August 2014, the 113th Congress had the highest disapproval rating of any Congress since 1974, when data first started being collected: 83% of Americans surveyed said that they disapproved of the job Congress was doing, while only 13% said that they approved.[5][6] In October 2013, during the government shutdown, this decreased to 10% approval according to several polls.[citation needed]

Major events[edit]

Main articles: 2013 in the United States, 2014 in the United States, and 2015 in the United States

  • January 3, 2013: Election of Speaker. Incumbent Speaker John Boehner was re-elected despite the largest number of defections in the vote for speaker since at least 1991.[8]
  • January 4, 2013: Joint session to count the Electoral College votes for the 2012 presidential election.[9]
  • January 20–21, 2013: Second inauguration of PresidentBarack Obama and Vice PresidentJoe Biden.[10] The terms began January 20, but because that was a Sunday, the Joint Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies scheduled the inauguration ceremony for the next day.[10]
  • February 12, 2013: Joint session to hear the 2013 State of the Union Address.
  • March 6–7, 2013: Senator Rand Paul led a filibuster of the nomination of John O. Brennan for Director of the Central Intelligence Agency with a 12-hour, 52-minute speech.
  • June 5, 2013: The first media reports of Edward Snowden's surveillance disclosures surfaced in the media.[11]
  • June 25, 2013: The Supreme Court struck down section 4(b) of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 in Shelby County v. Holder, ending the need for some counties and states to receive "preclearance" from the Justice Department before changing election laws.
  • June 26, 2013: The Supreme Court struck down section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act in United States v. Windsor, forcing the federal government to acknowledge same-sex marriages granted under the laws of states.
  • July 16, 2013: The Senate reached a deal to allow some presidential nominations to come to a vote, avoiding the "Nuclear option" for filibuster reform.[12]
  • September 24–25, 2013: Senator Ted Cruz delivered a 21-hour, 19-minute speech, one of the longest in Senate history, in opposition to the Affordable Care Act. Cruz's speech was not a filibuster, as it delayed no vote.[13]
  • October 1–17, 2013: The United States federal government was shut down as most routine operations were curtailed after Congress failed to enact legislation appropriating funds for fiscal year 2014, or a continuing resolution for the interim authorization of appropriations for fiscal year 2014.
  • October 3, 2013: United States Capitol shooting incident
  • November 21, 2013: In a 52–48 vote, the Senate ended the use of the filibuster on all executive branch nominees, as well as on most judicial nominees. The filibuster remained in place for Supreme Court nominees and for legislation.[14]
  • November 4, 2014: United States elections, 2014, including United States Senate elections, 2014 and United States House of Representatives elections, 2014.

Major legislation[edit]

Enacted[edit]

Main article: Acts of the 113th United States Congress

  • March 7, 2013: Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013, Pub.L. 113–4
  • March 13, 2013: Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Reauthorization Act of 2013, Pub.L. 113–5
  • March 26, 2013: 2013 United States federal budget (as Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2013), Pub.L. 113–6
  • June 3, 2013: Stolen Valor Act of 2013, Pub.L. 113–12
  • August 9, 2013: Hydropower Regulatory Efficiency Act of 2013, Pub.L. 113–23
  • August 9, 2013: Bipartisan Student Loan Certainty Act of 2013, Pub.L. 113–28
  • September 30, 2013: Pay Our Military Act, Pub.L. 113–39
  • November 27, 2013: Drug Quality and Security Act, Pub.L. 113–54
  • December 26, 2013: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014, Pub.L. 113–66
  • January 17, 2014: Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014, Pub.L. 113–76
  • February 7, 2014: Agricultural Act of 2014, Pub.L. 113–79
  • March 21, 2014: Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act of 2014, Pub.L. 113–89
  • April 3, 2014: Gabriella Miller Kids First Research Act, Pub.L. 113–94
  • April 3, 2014: Support for the Sovereignty, Integrity, Democracy, and Economic Stability of Ukraine Act of 2014, Pub.L. 113–95
  • May 9, 2014: Digital Accountability and Transparency Act (DATA), Pub.L. 113–101
  • May 20, 2014: Kilah Davenport Child Protection Act, Pub.L. 113–104
  • June 10, 2014: Water Resources Reform and Development Act, Pub.L. 113–121
  • July 23, 2014: Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act, Pub.L. 113–128
  • August 1, 2014: Unlocking Consumer Choice and Wireless Competition Act, Pub.L. 113–144
  • August 7, 2014: Veterans' Access to Care through Choice, Accountability, and Transparency Act of 2014, Pub.L. 113–146
  • September 29, 2014: Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act, Pub.L. 113–183
  • October 6, 2014: IMPACT Act of 2014, Pub.L. 113–185
  • November 26, 2014: Presidential and Federal Records Act Amendments of 2014, Pub.L. 113–187
  • November 26, 2014: Government Reports Elimination Act of 2014, Pub.L. 113–188
  • December 18, 2014: Death in Custody Reporting Act of 2013, Pub.L. 113–242
  • December 18, 2014: Transportation Security Acquisition Reform Act, Pub.L. 113–245
  • December 18, 2014: American Savings Promotion Act, Pub.L. 113–251
  • December 18, 2014: Credit Union Share Insurance Fund Parity Act, Pub.L. 113–252
  • December 18, 2014: EPS Service Parts Act of 2014Pub.L. 113–263
  • December 18, 2014: Venezuela Defense of Human Rights and Civil Society Act of 2014, Pub.L. 113–278
  • December 18, 2014: Insurance Capital Standards Clarification Act of 2014, Pub.L. 113–279

Proposed[edit]

Main article: List of bills in the 113th United States Congress

Appropriations bills[edit]

Fiscal year 2014[edit]

Fiscal year 2014 runs from October 1, 2013, to September 30, 2014.[15]

Fiscal year 2015[edit]

Main article: 2015 United States federal appropriations

Fiscal year 2015 runs from October 1, 2014, to September 20, 2015.[15]

  • Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015 (H.R. 4800) - considered in the House on June 11, 2014.[16] The bill would appropriate $20.9 billion.[17]
  • Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015 (H.R. 4660) - passed the House on May 30, 2014.[18] The total amount of money appropriated in the bill was $51.2 billion, approximately $400 million less than fiscal year 2014.[19]
  • Department of Defense Appropriations Act, 2015 - considered in the House on June 18, 2014. The bill would provide funding of approximately $491 billion.[20]
  • Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015 (H.R. 4923; 113th Congress) (H.R. 4923) - The bill would appropriate $34 billion to the United States Department of Energy, the United States Army Corps of Engineers, and related agencies.[21]
  • Legislative Branch Appropriations Act, 2015 (H.R. 4487) - passed in the House on May 1, 2014.[22] The bill would appropriate $3.3 billion to the legislative branch for FY 2015.[23]
  • Military Construction and Veterans Affairs and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015 (H.R. 4486) - passed the House on April 30, 2014.[24] The total amount appropriated by the introduced version of the bill is $71.5 billion.[23]
  • Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2015 (H.R. 4745 or "THUD") - passed the House on June 10, 2014.[25] The bill would appropriate $17 billion to the Department of Transportation and $40.3 billion to the Department of Housing and Urban Development.[26]

Party summary[edit]

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section, below.

Senate[edit]

Party

(Shading indicates majority caucus)

TotalVacant
DemocraticIndependentRepublican
End of previous Congress512471000
Begin532451000
June 3, 201352991
June 6, 2013461000
October 31, 20135345
February 6, 201452991
February 9, 2014531000
Final voting share7001550000000000000♠55%7001450000000000000♠45%
Beginning of the next Congress442541000

House of Representatives[edit]

Party

(Shading indicates majority caucus)

TotalVacant
DemocraticRepublican
End of previous Congress1912404314
Begin2002334332
January 22, 20132324323
April 9, 20132014332
May 7, 20132334341
June 4, 20132344350
July 15, 20132004341
August 2, 20132334332
September 26, 20132324323
October 18, 20132314314
November 16, 20132324323
December 10, 20132014332
December 17, 20132334341
January 6, 20142004332
January 27, 20142324323
February 18, 20141994314
March 11, 20142334323
June 24, 20142344332
August 18, 20142334323
November 4, 20142012344350
Final voting share7001462000000000000♠46.2%7001538000000000000♠53.8%
Non-voting members6060
Beginning of the next Congress1882474350

Leadership[edit]

Section contents:Senate: Majority (D), Minority (R) • House: Majority (R), Minority (D)

Senate[edit]

Majority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

Minority (Republican) leadership[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Majority (Republican) leadership[edit]

  • Majority Leader: Eric Cantor, until August 1, 2014
  • Majority Whip: Kevin McCarthy, until August 1, 2014
  • Majority Chief Deputy Whip: Peter Roskam, until August 1, 2014
  • Conference Chair: Cathy McMorris Rodgers
  • Conference Vice-Chair: Lynn Jenkins
  • Conference Secretary: Virginia Foxx
  • Campaign Committee Chairman: Greg Walden
  • Policy Committee Chairman: James Lankford
  • Campaign Committee Deputy Chairman: Lynn Westmoreland

Minority (Democratic) leadership[edit]

  • Minority Leader: Nancy Pelosi
  • Minority Whip: Steny Hoyer
  • Assistant Democratic Leader: Jim Clyburn
  • Caucus Chairman: Xavier Becerra
  • Caucus Vice-Chairman: Joseph Crowley
  • Campaign Committee Chairman: Steve Israel
  • Steering and Policy Committee Co-Chairs: Rosa DeLauro (Steering) and Rob Andrews (Policy, until February 18, 2014); George Miller (Policy, from March 24, 2014)
  • Organization, Study, and Review Chairman: Mike Capuano
  • Senior Chief Deputy Minority Whip: John Lewis
  • Chief Deputy Minority Whips: Terri Sewell, Keith Ellison, Jim Matheson, Ben R. Luján, Jan Schakowsky, Diana DeGette, G. K. Butterfield, Debbie Wasserman Schultz, Peter Welch

Members[edit]

Senate[edit]

Senators are listed by state, and the numbers refer to their Senate classes, In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring re-election in 2014; Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 2016; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring re-election in 2018.

Final Senate Membership
     53 Democrats

     45 Republicans


     2 Independents, caucusing with Democrats

Final House Membership
     201 Democrats

     234 Republicans

Speaker of the House

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