NOTE: If your reference has three to six authors, cite them all the first time mentioned in your paper. After that, use the first author's last name, followed by et al. and the year).
In-Text Citation (Paraphrase):
(Author's Last Name, Author's Last Name, & Author's Last name, year)
(Author's Last Name et al., year)
In-Text Citation (Direct Quote):
(Author's Last Name, Author's Last Name, & Author's Last Name, year, page number)
(Author's Last Name et al., year, page number)
Author's Last Name, First Initial. Second Initial. (repeat for all author's unless more than six). (Year). Article title: Subtitle. Journal Title, Volume(issue), page range. Retrieved from URL of homepage of journal
In-text Citation (Paraphrase):
First time mentioned: (Bergström, Jayatissa, Thykjær, & Wiborg, 2007)
Written all subsequent times as (Bergström et al., 2007)
In-text Citation (Direct Quote):
If first time mentioned: (Bergström, Jayatissa, Thykjær, & Wiborg, 2007, p. 202)
If referenced prior: (Bergström et al., 2007, p.202)
Bergström, A., Jayatissa, M. N., Thykjær, T., & Wiborg, O. (2007). Molecular pathways associated with stress resilience and drug resistance in the chronic mild stress rat model of depression--a gene expression study. Journal of Molecular Neuroscience, 33(2), 201-15. Retrieved from http://link.springer.com/journal/12031
If you are citing a source that has multiple authors, follow these basic steps.
Always cite both authors' names in-text everytime you reference them. Example: Johnson and Smith (2009) found...
Provide all the authors' last names when you first refer to a document with 3-5 authors. Only list the first author with the Latin abbreviation "et al." for any subsequent references.
Jones, Chavez, Jackson, and Chen (2010) duplicated...
Jones et al. (2010) further described...
6 or More Authors:
If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with "et al." from the first citation to the last.
Thomas et al. (2007) likened abnormal psychology to...
... distractions (Thomas et al., 2007).
Important Note: If you have two or more documents that look the same when shortened, please follow the guidelines set out in the Authors and Dates Matching section.